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Gerund- Infinitive: verb patterns

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Verb + GERUND

1. After certain verbs.

The verbs followed by a gerund are: admit, advise, anticipate, appreciate, avoid, can’t help, can’t stand, consider, defend, delay, deny, despise, discuss, dislike, don’t mind, enjoy, give up, go on(=continue), hate, imagine, involve, keep(=continue), like, love, mention, mind, miss, postpone, practice, recall, recommend, report, resent, resist, risk, spend, suggest, tolerate.

I gave up smoking a year ago. I enjoy eating chocolate. She can’t help eating chocolate. We can consider not coming back again

The negative gerund is NOT + -ING

2. After a preposition.

He apologized for not being on time. I’m interested in coming back. She dreamt about flying. I’m terrible at speaking languages. He left without saying goodbye.

3. As subject of a sentence.

Listening to these silly stories makes me feel tired. Having a balanced diet is very important. Living in a big city is very stressing. Walking by the sea relaxes me.

Verb + TO INFINITIVE

1. After certain verbs.

The verbs followed by a To Infinitive are: afford, agree, appear, arrange, ask, beg, choose, claim, decide, demand, deserve, expect, fail, happen, help, hesitate, hope, intend, learn, manage, mean, need, offer, plan, prepare, pretend, promise, refuse, seem, swear, tend, threaten, vow, wait, want, wish, would like.

He agreed to come back again. I can’t afford to go on holiday this year. He promised not to do it again. I hope to see you again.

The negative infinitive is NOT + TO INFINITIVE

2. After an adjective.

This book is difficult to read. It’s important not to do that again. How nice to see you again!

3. After how, what, who, where… .

I don’t know where to go. She knows what to buy. I wonder who to invite. Show me what to do. 4. To express a purpose or reason. He joined the gym to do exercise. She went abroad not to see him again. He got up early not to be late again.

Verb + INFINITIVE

The verbs followed by INFINITIVE are: make, let. can, could, may, might, must, shall, should, will, would.

They made me come at 7. They don’t let me eat chocolate. I can play the piano. He might come tomorrow.

Verb + TO INFINITIVE/GERUND

The verbs followed by TO + INFINITIVE or GERUND with no change in meaning are: begin, continue, neglect, prefer, propose, start.

Don’t start telling all those stories. Don’t start to tell all those stories. I can’t continue living here. I can’t continue to live here.

http://www.slideboom.com/presentations/727312/Gerund-Infinitive:-Verb-patterns


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