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Gerund- Infinitive: verb patterns



1. After certain verbs.

The verbs followed by a gerund are: admit, advise, anticipate, appreciate, avoid, can’t help, can’t stand, consider, defend, delay, deny, despise, discuss, dislike, don’t mind, enjoy, give up, go on(=continue), hate, imagine, involve, keep(=continue), like, love, mention, mind, miss, postpone, practice, recall, recommend, report, resent, resist, risk, spend, suggest, tolerate.

I gave up smoking a year ago. I enjoy eating chocolate. She can’t help eating chocolate. We can consider not coming back again

The negative gerund is NOT + -ING

2. After a preposition.

He apologized for not being on time. I’m interested in coming back. She dreamt about flying. I’m terrible at speaking languages. He left without saying goodbye.

3. As subject of a sentence.

Listening to these silly stories makes me feel tired. Having a balanced diet is very important. Living in a big city is very stressing. Walking by the sea relaxes me.


1. After certain verbs.

The verbs followed by a To Infinitive are: afford, agree, appear, arrange, ask, beg, choose, claim, decide, demand, deserve, expect, fail, happen, help, hesitate, hope, intend, learn, manage, mean, need, offer, plan, prepare, pretend, promise, refuse, seem, swear, tend, threaten, vow, wait, want, wish, would like.

He agreed to come back again. I can’t afford to go on holiday this year. He promised not to do it again. I hope to see you again.

The negative infinitive is NOT + TO INFINITIVE

2. After an adjective.

This book is difficult to read. It’s important not to do that again. How nice to see you again!

3. After how, what, who, where… .

I don’t know where to go. She knows what to buy. I wonder who to invite. Show me what to do. 4. To express a purpose or reason. He joined the gym to do exercise. She went abroad not to see him again. He got up early not to be late again.


The verbs followed by INFINITIVE are: make, let. can, could, may, might, must, shall, should, will, would.

They made me come at 7. They don’t let me eat chocolate. I can play the piano. He might come tomorrow.


The verbs followed by TO + INFINITIVE or GERUND with no change in meaning are: begin, continue, neglect, prefer, propose, start.

Don’t start telling all those stories. Don’t start to tell all those stories. I can’t continue living here. I can’t continue to live here.

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